Pre- Conception Care Is Very Essential
To have an uncomplicated pregnancy and a healthy baby, preparation is necessary that starts way before the pregnancy. Preconception care is becoming more important in Singapore, especially when many couples differ their age of child bearing to the early and mid-thirties. We are more aware that pre-pregnancy health status and lifestyles have a major impact on the progress and outcome of the pregnancy.
Methods of Pre-Conception Screening
Preconception care is described to be a set of interventions that aim to identify and modify biomedical, behavioral, and social risks to a woman's health or pregnancy outcome through prevention and management.
Pre-conception care involves:
The woman's risk is evaluated in several aspects. Her potential to inherited genetic diseases, her exposure to environmental toxins and teratogens, her nutritional adequacy, her use of tobacco, alcohol and recreational drugs are important. Similarly, her medical conditions, her exposure to infectious diseases and vaccination status, and her psycho-social concerns have to be considered.
A few visits to the obstetrician may be required to fully assess the couple. In the case of uncovering underlying medical conditions that may compromise the successful pregnancy, preventive medical treatment may instituted. The condition may take several months to stabilize before pregnancy is advised.